Acne is a skin disease that involves the oil glands at the base of hair follicles. It commonly occurs during puberty when the oil glands come to life, so to speak. The glands are stimulated by male hormones produced by the adrenal glands of both males and females. Although Acne is not dangerous, it can leave scars.
The pores in our skin connect to oil glands located under the skin. The glands are connected to the pores via follicles and small canals and produce sebum, an oily liquid. The sebum carries dead skin cells through the follicles to the surface of the skin. A small hair grows through the follicle out of the skin. Pimples occur when these follicles get blocked, resulting in an accumulation of oil under the skin.
There are different types of pimples
- Whiteheads remain under the skin and are very small.
- Blackheads are clearly visible and appear on the surface of the skin. A blackhead is not caused by dirt, so scrubbing your face vigorously will not help. It will most likely only damage the skin.
- Papules are visible on the surface of the skin. They are small bumps and usually pink.
- Pustules are clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are red at their base and have pus on top.
- Nobules are also clearly visible on the surface of the skin. They are large solid pimples, which are painful and embedded deep in the skin.
- Cysts are painfully visible and filled with pus. These cysts can easily cause scars.
Easy skin care tips for the prevention and treatment of Acne
- Cleanse properly. Whether or not you have acne, it’s important to wash your face twice daily to remove impurities, dead skin cells, and extra oil from your skin’s surface. Washing more often than twice daily is not necessarily better; it may do more harm than good. Use warm, not hot, water and a mild facial cleanser. Using a harsh soap (like deodorant body soap) can hurt the already inflamed skin and cause more irritation.
- Avoid scrubbing. Your skin should be handled with care, so harsh scrubbing with a washcloth, exfoliating glove, or loofah is not advisable. Gently wash it with your clean hands or a very soft cloth. Always rinse well, and then dry your face with a clean towel. (Toss the towel in the laundry hamper, as dirty towels spread bacteria.) If you use an exfoliating scrub, use a gentle scrub only once a week.
- Moisturise and hydrate. Many acne products contain ingredients that dry the skin, so always use a moisturiser that minimizes dryness and skin peeling. Look for “non-comedogenic” on the label, which means it should not cause acne. Make sure your moisturiser is suitable for your skin type, and therefore specifically made for oily, dry, or combination skin. If you are not sure what skin type you have, please consult one of our beauty experts to help you determine what would work best for you.
- Try an over-the-counter acne product first. These acne products don’t require a prescription and may contain ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide and salicylic acid. It curbs bacteria and dries your skin, so start with a small amount at first. Gradually you can adjust how much you use and how often, depending on how much peeling or dryness you experience. Use these products with caution if you have sensitive skin.
- Use makeup sparingly. During a breakout, avoid wearing foundation, powder, or blush. If you do wear makeup, wash it off at the end of the day. If possible, choose oil-free cosmetics without added dyes and chemicals. Choose makeup that is labeled as “non-comedogenic,” and read the ingredients list on the product label before buying.
- Watch what you put on your hair. Avoid using fragrances, oils, pomades, or gels on your hair. If they get on your face, they can block your skin’s pores and irritate your skin. Use a gentle shampoo and conditioner. Oily hair can add to the oil on your face, so wash your hair often, especially if you’re breaking out. If you have long hair, keep it pulled away from your face.
- Keep your hands off your face. Avoid touching your face or propping your cheek or chin on your hands. Not only can you spread bacteria, you can also irritate the already inflamed facial skin. Never pick or pop pimples with your fingers, as it can lead to infection and scarring.
- Stay out of the sun. The sun’s ultraviolet rays can increase inflammation and redness. Some acne medications may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Limit your time in the sun, especially between the hours of 10 am and 3 pm, and wear a broad-brimmed hat. Whether you have pimples or not, always apply sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher, at least 20 minutes before sun exposure. Look for “non-comedogenic” on the sunscreen label to make new pimples less likely. Read the ingredients on the product label to know what you’re putting on your skin.
We recommend the following products for Acne-related skin disorders
- Vichy Normaderm skincare range
- Bioderma Sebium range
- Zinplex tablets and skincare products
- Solal problem skin formula
- Benzac face wash and cream
- Bio-oil for scar prevention
- Bad cases of acne might require prescription medication or ointments, such as Roaccutane, Diane 35, Tetralysal, Doxycyl or Differen Gel. Discuss these options with your doctor, if you find over-the-counter options are not working.
Durbell stocks all these products and our Skincare Specialists are always available to help you find the best possible options to suit your needs. You are welcome to contact or visit Riana (one of our top beauty experts at our Palm Grove store) or any of our Skincare Consultants or Pharmacists.
You only have one skin and you need to love it from the start. Using the most suitable products and applying extra care every day will ensure you achieve the best possible results. Boost your appearance and your confidence, with a fresh dose of love and expertise. You can be-YOU-tiful every day.